By Ibrahim Aisha Abdul U13mm2022
Brooding is the period immediately after hatch when special care and attention must be given to chicks to ensure their their health and survival. The brooding room should be heated prior to arrival of the chicks. A newly hatched chick requires supplemental heat to maintain its body temperature, therefore an external heat source must be provided to young birds in the first few week. Temperature control is very important to chicks particularly in the first three weeks of life.
Brooder rings should provide adequate space for the chicks to selects a comfortable temperature. If the chicks are to cold, they will become chill, uncomfortable and will not eat or drink. If the chicks are too hot, they will become dehydrated. Starting temperature should be 35degree Celsius and reduced by approximately 3degree Celsius per week until 21degree is reached. However, the pens where the chicks are to be raised should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected at least one week prior to chicks placement and equipment to be used should also be cleaned and disinfected.
Thus, fresh mold free bedding should be spread over the floor area as it helps prevent damage to chicks legs due to slipping on slippery surfaces with wood shavings. It should be removed and replaced routinely in areas which become wet as it helps in preventing them from ammonia build up in the air. Further more, constant lighting allows chicks to adjust to their new environment and find their feed as well.