By Salihu Bala-U12MM1150
Fishery is one of the unique areas of agriculture and suitable means of enhancing and promoting economy development of a country. Fish, over the years has become the main source of animal protein for many Nigerians. Fishery in Nigeria could be carried out through extensive system in flood plains. This system usually involve the utilization of floodplain by local inhabitants to improved fish production through artificial fertilization. This system is usually practiced in the riverine areas of the country.
Extensive system of flood plain can be identify along river Niger and Benue flood plain areas that are suitable for fish production. Fish farming in Nigeria is also practice through an intensive system by the construction of pond. This system is usually adopted in most northern parts of Nigeria. The kind of fish that is suitable to rear in Nigeria environment is tilapia fish, cat fish and Titus. The national president, fishery society of Nigeria Foluke Ariola, says investment and money making potential in fishery in Nigeria is currently untapped.
The problem faced in fish farming in Nigeria is high cost of establishment. The cost of construction of a fish pond is high. Most Nigerians have interest in fish farming business, however due to lack of resources, they look for another option. Another challenge of fish farming business is that it is very sensitive to manage. Fish farming involves the use of mental capital that has to do with careful planning of the fish farm.
Further Problems facing the fish business in Nigeria is lack of effective law and regulation to monitor fish farming in the riverine area.
Fishery in Nigeria can be enhanced throughed the organization of workshop for people who are in fish farming business in order to further educate and enlighten them on the modern art of fishing. Government intervention through the granting of financial aid to those involve in the fishing art can also increase productivity in the sector. Fish farming in Nigeria can also be encouraged by government making and enforcing policies that will enhance fish production in the country.
This is because fish farming in Nigeria plays significant impacts in the economic development of the country by providing unending employment opportunities for its citizens.