By Areh Oromeni Simeon U12MM1124


The Ahmadu Bello University, National Animal Production research institute and Institute for Agriculture Research has embarked on various poultry production within the school for the purpose of selling of cheap meat to their workers. With this they have geared many to venture into the business. As we all know that poultry production requires a huge sum of money, to buy the young birds, feed them till when they are matured. A lot of people operate on small scale production, which is in their house, some keep local birds like cockerel and boilers to sell out to consumers, and others keep layers for the production of eggs which yield much profit.
Poultry production is the raising of birds {such as chickens and ducks} that are raised on farms for their eggs or meat. All over the globe, poultry are kept because they are the cheapest source of meat and can be kept by anyone. Two important factors that should be addressed to a have a healthy flock of poultry animals are management and the environment. Poultry production brings a lot of income as an entrepreneur and you can also employ people to help manage your poultry house despite the high cost and the gain one gets from it. There is also a risk in venturing into the business without preventing poultry diseases which are caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and mites. Prevention of poultry disease is the rule, rather than to cure the outbreaks of the disease, vaccination programmes prevent the outbreak of viral diseases such as coccidiosis. This disease can spread fast because all the birds are kept in one house, so to prevent other birds from being affected by the disease, you separate those affected then you treat the once that are not affected by the disease first and lastly treat those affected then you return them back to the poultry house.
If poultry are to achieve their genetic potential for meat or egg production, they need an environment that meets their physiological requirements. This includes:

1. A suitable physical environment in terms of temperature, humidity, air movement and the surfaces on which they live;
2. Adequate food and water;
3. Minimal exposure to disease organisms; and
4. Avoidance of exposure to stress resulting from the physical and social environment.  

The factors influencing these are determined largely by housing and management.


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