BALA SALIHU U12MM1150
The issue of girl child education in northern Nigeria has become a topic of deliberation for governmental and non governmental in Nigeria. Education is a process of teaching ,training and learning especially in school or colleges , to improve knowledge and develop skills. “Forty five percent of Nigeria children especially girls aged 6-11 particularly in northern Nigeria do not have access to primary school”, Says UNICEF.
The ratio of girl to boy in school in the northern part of the country range between one girl to three boys in most state of the region due to some religion factor, where by the parents w ill rather allow their female children to attend Arabic school rather than western school.
According to group of nongovernmental researchers’ state that ‘’seven states in northern Nigeria have the country lowest girl child education, highest girl child marriage and highest female illiteracy ‘’.These state are; Katsina, Gombe, Zamfara, Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, Kebbi.
United children education fund [UNICEF] stated that 15 million children, especially female in Nigeria particularly in the northern part of the country are drop out of school, whom work full time, most of them work in a less paid jobs as a domestic helpers. The low level of girl child education in northern Nigeria can be connected to the Boko haram insurgent violent attack on schools in the region has made it hard for children in the northern part of the country to get education as over ten thousand families are leaving their home and removing their children from school Girl child education in northern Nigeria is hindered by cultural and religion factors, most girls in northern Nigeria are usually married at age of 14-16. Many families in this region did not allow their girl child to attend formal school.
Lack of accessibility of school can be a major obstacle to girl’s attainment and retention in school in northern Nigeria. In a tropical rural area children may have to walk to a very long distance to get the nearest school.
Also must girls fail to make the transitional movement from primary school to junior secondary school up to the tertiary level because of cultural, social, religion and economic factor .Girl child in the northern Nigeria do not attained school because there effort and strength is needed at home. There is a popular saying “women education end in kitchen or women are object of sexual satisfaction for the men”. This ideological idea are usually adopted by most parents in northern part of the country who refused there female children to attend school up to the tertiary level.
Most parents In northern Nigeria see early marriage as a preventive measure, protecting girl honour from an unwanted pregnancy .Parents scare of pregnancy outside marriage usually indorse early marriage, when there girl child reach puberty stage and this hindered girl child education in the northern part of the country.
Some parents have lost confidence in formal schools because they believe that western education breeds immoral behaviors’ among youths especially girls and may impel them to dress indecently.
Girl child education in northern Nigeria can be promoted through the government by encouraging nongovernmental agency in the country both at the federal, state and local level that run a number of measures that will enhance girl child education in that region.
Secondly, parents should serve as a tool in promoting girl child education. They should encourage their female children to attend formal schools. They should be oriented against pressurizing their daughters for early marriage.
Thirdly, the government should spend more funds on policies that will enhance girl child education in Northern Nigeria. The government should create a channel that will reach those in the rural areas. Bearing in mind that girl child education in the rural area is very low compare to those in the urban area, government at all levels should invest on girl child education. The federal government should offer assistance to state government in the region to promote girl child education
Fourthly ,government should make laws that will make girl child education compulsory not only in the northern part of the country but also other part of the country that will compel parents to enroll their female children into school should be made. This will serve as avenue for government in promoting girl child education in the region.
The government should form agencies that will facilitate girl child education in northern Nigeria, by assisting them financially and offering scholarship to female students. The government all levels should establish more formal school, in the region and this will promote girl child education in northern part of the country.
The stake holders in the educational sector should make policies that will abolish early marriage among female so as to enable them attend formal school at early ages. If the government takes all this necessary steps, the trauma of girl child education in northern Nigeria will be an issue of the past.